The rise of Crypto in 2021
Challenges stimulate progress. Technology, pretty much like life itself, cannot be static. Only dynamics stimulate positive changes. Amid the collapse of the cryptocurrency market in mid-May, many retail and institutional investors began to lose faith in the bright future of cryptocurrencies in general and Bitcoin (BTC) in particular. Corporations and institutions, whales, and early adopters converged in a single impulse – the internet was overwhelmed by a wave of mistrust towards “cryptocurrency number one” as the best defensive asset, superior to gold and everything else that had been invented prior.
One needs to see the full picture here to realize what’s happening. The last time the market suffered more or less comparable and significant losses was a year ago, in March 2020. This year, the panic sell-offs caused by a series of negative events – Elon Musk’s Twitter crusade against BTC, the rumoured court case against Binance and the latest crackdown on crypto from the Chinese government – bring to mind the tremendous collapse of digital assets at the peak of many asset rates in December 2017 and the succeeding “crypto winter”.
However, many people who have little understanding of how the cryptocurrency market functions do not realize the depth of changes that the space has been through in recent years. Emotions are the worst enemy of an investor or trader in a rapidly growing digital asset ecosystem. It is worthwhile to look dispassionately at the facts and analyze the changes to understand the true value of ecosystems growing on the fertile soil of the blockchain.
The investment mindset has changed in recent years. Even though it continues to be dominated by a highly speculative component, there is also a practical application for the settlement. Investors switched from short-term speculations to the long game. The number of Bitcoin ATMs has doubled since 2020. This dramatic rise clearly demonstrates a growing demand for the world’s largest crypto assets. From a niche, the cryptocurrency industry has evolved into a multi-billion dollar industry.
Stablecoins – tokens pegged to their corresponding fiat asset such as the U.S. dollar, euro, etc. – have gained significant weight in 2020–2021. With the emergence of new platforms known as decentralized finance, or DeFi, protocols, opportunities appeared to offer profit without risks of the principal asset, for example. Such platforms are nothing more than distributed programs that provide clearing, custody and settlement services. Every year they take a larger piece of the pie from traditional financial institutions. The surge in activity in the environment of decentralized trading platforms also occurred because they do not have the same common vulnerabilities as centralized trading platforms in their infrastructure.
Decentralized exchanges outperform centralized exchanges in terms of trading volume, demonstrating a thousandfold growth in trading volumes in the last year alone. Interfaces for interacting with DeFi can be created by any programmer anywhere globally, and the essence of this interaction is the development of a financial ecosystem running on the global blockchain. By now, DeFi’s market capitalization has reached over $100 billion, and this trend will undoubtedly continue soon.
Meanwhile, divergence in the regulatory approach continues. Some jurisdictions have created bills, but they have no practical application. At the same time, other countries are just at the beginning of the road to create regulations, and some banally prohibit the use of cryptocurrencies – the recent example of China being a case in point.
In the United States, for example, banks were allowed to provide custody services for cryptocurrency assets. The emerging markets of such countries as China, Russia and India stand apart, rushing from fire to fire, remaining uncertain and trying to propagandize something at the state level, offering potential investors the so-called “technological candy.” Unfortunately, in practice, all projects that reach the world level often move to other jurisdictions – which is very sad.
The future of the cryptocurrency sector is undoubtedly optimistic. Any period of “cleansing” and dumping of price ballasts, correction and decline, should be perceived as another round of evolution. In the near future, we should expect that investors will switch their attention from meticulous market monitoring, hype regarding coins (which does not carry any value to the community) and the expectation of new price records to the construction of products in developing areas. The cryptocurrency sphere is expecting the emergence of more convenient, reliable and accessible interfaces for mainstream investors interacting with the digital asset market, as well as 3.0 generation blockchains – for which fierce competition will erupt in the next few years.